Safflower: Finch

WSBL030

What really sets safflower apart from all other species is its exceptionally deep taproot which has been observed to reach…

What really sets safflower apart from all other species is its exceptionally deep taproot which has been observed to reach depths of 8-10 ft in ideal conditions. This deep taproot can break hard pans, encouraging water and air movement into the soil profile, as well as scavenge nutrients from depths unavailable to most agronomic crops. Safflower is an excellent crop to grow in a cereal crop rotation to successfully break common root disease issues such as take-all and crown rot. Incredibly safflower is one of few crops that are resistant to all root lesion nematodes. A spring planted safflower will flower around mid to late July for 2-3 weeks which provides flowers highly desirable to pollinator species. Farmers growing safflower commonly experience low pest pressure and notice an increase in beneficial organisms such as spiders, ladybugs and lacewings. Safflower forage is not only highly palatable and nutritious in young growth stages but was proven to increase fertility in grazing ewes.

Basic Info

Maturity (Days)
110 - 140
Seeds/lb
15000
C/N at Maturity
High
Growth Habit
Upright
Root Type/Depth
Deep Taproot
Cold Kill (F)
24
Dry Matter Potential(Tons/acre)
1.5 - 3.5

Use and Characteristics

N Fix Potential
Lasting Residue
Excellent
Palatibility
Poor
Hay Harvest
Poor
Regrowth
Poor
Deep Compaction
Excellent
Surface Compaction
Good
Weed Suppression
Very Good
Crimp Kill
Easy

Planting

Plant Depth
1 - 1 1/2"
Min Germ Temp(F)
40
Drilled Seed Rate (lbs/acre)
15 - 20
Broadcast Seed Rate (lb/acre_)
25 - 30

Tolerance

Heat
Excellent
Drought
Very Good
Shade
Fair
Wet Soil
Poor
Low Fertility
Very Good
Low pH Soil
Good
High pH Salinty
Very Good
High pH Calcareous
Very Good