Yellow Mustard

CSBR071
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Brassicas

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Mustard produces significantly more glucosinolates than other brassicas, which biofumigates the soil during decomposition, proving to be toxic to many…

Mustard produces significantly more glucosinolates than other brassicas, which biofumigates the soil during decomposition, proving to be toxic to many soil pathogens and pests. To best utilize these glucosinolates, mature green vegetation should be turned into the soil. In no-till operations you will still benefit from having this species for this use. When allowed enough growing season, yellow mustard stem residue can remain erect throughout the winter months, aid in capturing snow to help build moisture in the soil profile. Growing mustard in a potato rotation was observed to increase tuber quality and yields similar to that of chemically fumigated fields. Other documented effects of having mustard in your rotation is suppressing potato early dying and reduced root rot in pea rotations. Some customers are concerned that these mustards are difficult to control like their wild cousins but actually they can be easily terminated with many commonly utilized herbicides.

Basic Info

Maturity (Days)
45-60
Seeds/lb
110000
C/N at Maturity
Low
Growth Habit
Upright
Root Type/Depth
Medium Taproot
Cold Kill (F)
25
Dry Matter Potential(Tons/acre)
2 - 4.5

Use and Characteristics

N Fix Potential
Lasting Residue
Poor
Palatibility
Fair
Hay Harvest
Poor
Regrowth
Good
Deep Compaction
Good
Surface Compaction
Good
Weed Suppression
Very Good
Crimp Kill
Difficult

Planting

Plant Depth
1/4-1/2
Min Germ Temp(F)
40
Drilled Seed Rate (lbs/acre)
5-6
Broadcast Seed Rate (lb/acre_)
8-10

Tolerance

Heat
Good
Drought
Good
Shade
Good
Wet Soil
Fair
Low Fertility
Fair
Low pH Soil
Good
High pH Salinty
Fair
High pH Calcareous
Good